What Are Types Of Fishing Lures

Fishing lures come in various types such as spinners, crankbaits, jigs, and soft plastic baits. Fishing is a popular recreational activity enjoyed by people around the world.

Whether you are a seasoned angler or a beginner, using fishing lures is an essential part of the fishing experience. These artificial baits are designed to mimic the appearance and movement of natural prey, attracting fish and enticing them to bite.

With the wide range of fishing lures available, it’s important to understand the different types and their unique features. We will explore the various types of fishing lures, including spinners, crankbaits, jigs, and soft plastic baits, and how they can enhance your chances of success on your next fishing trip. So, let’s dive in and explore the exciting world of fishing lures!

Different Types Of Fishing Lures

Discover the wide range of fishing lures available, from crankbaits to jigs, spoons to spinners. With various shapes, sizes, and colors, choose the perfect lure to attract your target fish and enhance your fishing experience.

When it comes to fishing, using the right lure can make all the difference. There are various types of fishing lures designed to attract different fish species in various conditions. Each lure has its own unique characteristics and fishing technique to maximize your chances of a successful catch. In this article, we will explore the different types of fishing lures and how they can improve your fishing experience.

types of fishing lures


Spinnerbaits are versatile lures known for their ability to attract predatory fish. These lures consist of one or more spinning metal blades attached to a wire frame with a skirted jig or a soft plastic trailer. The spinning blades create a flash and vibration that mimics a small swimming prey. This visual and auditory stimulation attracts fish and triggers their predatory instincts. Spinnerbaits are particularly effective in murky water or areas with a lot of underwater vegetation, where their vibration and flash can make them stand out.


Crankbaits are another popular type of fishing lure that imitates a wounded baitfish. These lures have a body shape resembling a fish and a diving bill that helps them dive under the water when retrieved. The diving action combined with the lifelike appearance of crankbaits makes them irresistible to fish. Depending on the depth you want to fish, you can choose between shallow, medium, or deep-diving crankbaits. This versatility allows you to target fish at different depths and cover a larger area when searching for active fishing spots.

Jigs And Soft Plastics

Jigs and soft plastics are go-to lures for many anglers, especially when fishing in freshwater. These lures consist of a weighted head (jig) with a hook and a soft plastic body. The weight of the jig allows for precise casting and control, while the soft plastic body provides realistic movement in the water. Jigs and soft plastics are highly effective in enticing fish that are near the bottom or hiding in cover such as rocks, weeds, or fallen trees. Anglers often use a variety of soft plastic shapes and colors to mimic different prey species.

Topwater Lures

When you want to experience the thrill of a surface strike, topwater lures are the way to go. These lures are designed to stay on or just below the water’s surface, imitating insects, frogs, or small baitfish. They create a commotion or a popping sound when retrieved, attracting fish from beneath the water. Topwater lures are especially effective during the early morning or late evening when fish tend to be more active near the surface. The visual spectacle and explosive strikes make topwater fishing an exciting and adrenaline-pumping experience.

Spoons And Spinners

Spoons and spinners are classic fishing lures that have been used for generations. Spoons are curved, concave metal lures that flutter and wobble when retrieved, imitating an injured or fleeing baitfish. Spinners, on the other hand, have a rotating metal blade that flashes and vibrates in the water, imitating a small swimming prey. Both spoons and spinners are versatile lures that can be used in various fishing conditions and are particularly effective in clear water or areas with a lot of current.


When it comes to fly fishing, flies are the primary lures used. These lures imitate insects, baitfish, or other creatures found in the water. Fly fishing requires specialized gear and casting techniques, as the angler needs to present the fly delicately on the water’s surface. Flies come in various sizes, shapes, and colors to match the natural food sources of the fish you’re targeting. The art of fly fishing lies in the skillful presentation and the lifelike behavior of the fly, enticing fish to strike.

Factors To Consider When Choosing Fishing Lures

When selecting fishing lures, it is crucial to consider the types available. Different lures cater to specific fishing conditions and target species, ensuring a successful angling experience.

Choosing the right fishing lure is crucial to increase your chances of success on your fishing trips. No matter if you are a beginner or an experienced angler, understanding the factors that influence the selection of fishing lures will help you make informed decisions. Consider the following factors to optimize your fishing experience:

Water Conditions

The water conditions play a significant role in determining which fishing lure will be the most effective. Different types of lures work better in specific water conditions. Whether you are fishing in freshwater or saltwater, calm or rough waters, each scenario requires a different type of lure to attract fish. Let’s take a look at the characteristics of water conditions and the corresponding fishing lures that work best: – Clear Water: In clear water, fish have better visibility, so using a more natural-looking lure is important. Consider using transparent or lightly colored lures with realistic swimming actions to mimic the appearance of natural baitfish. –

Turbid Water: Murky or turbid water reduces visibility for fish, so choosing a lure that creates vibrations or makes noise can help attract fish. Lures with bright colors and strong contrasts also work well in turbid water as they create a more visible target. – Weedy or Grass-filled Water: When fishing in weedy or grass-filled waters, it is important to select lures that can navigate through vegetation without getting tangled. Weedless lures, such as spinnerbaits or weedless jigs, are ideal as they minimize the risk of getting caught in vegetation.

Targeted Fish Species

Different fish species have different feeding behaviors and preferences. Understanding the species you are targeting is crucial for selecting the right lure. Here are some considerations to keep in mind: – Predatory Fish: Predatory fish, such as lures bass, pike, or muskie, are attracted to lures that mimic injured or fleeing prey. Opt for lures with erratic movements, like crankbaits or topwater lures, to trigger their predatory instincts. – Bottom Feeders: If you are targeting bottom-feeding fish like catfish or walleye, lures that stay close to the bottom and emit scents can be highly effective. Jigs with soft plastic trailers or live bait rigs are excellent choices for enticing bottom-feeding species. – Surface Feeders: Species that typically feed near the water’s surface, like trout or panfish, are often tempted by lures that imitate insects or other small creatures. Consider using flies, poppers, or small spinners to entice these fish to strike.

Fishing Technique

The fishing technique you prefer or the type of fishing you will be engaged in can greatly influence your lure selection. Different fishing techniques require specific types of lures to properly execute the desired technique. Take a look at some examples: – Casting and Retrieving: When you plan to cast and retrieve your lure, options like spoons, spinners, or crankbaits work well as they cover a larger area and attract fish through movement and vibrations.

Jigging: For vertical jigging or dropping your lure to the bottom and then lifting it upwards, choose jigs or soft plastics that imitate prey species commonly found in the area.

Trolling: Trolling involves dragging your lure behind a moving boat. In this case, select lures with diving lips or planing surfaces to maintain the desired depth and attract fish along the way.

Water ConditionsTargeted Fish SpeciesFishing Technique
Clear WaterPredatory FishCasting and Retrieving
Turbid WaterBottom FeedersJigging
Weedy or Grass-filled WaterSurface FeedersTrolling


Remember, successful fishing requires a combination of knowledge, experience, and adaptability. By considering the water conditions, targeted fish species, and fishing technique, you’ll be well-equipped to choose the right fishing lure and increase your chances of landing that prized catch. So, next time you head out, tailor your lure selection to these factors and get ready to enjoy a rewarding and successful day on the water.


Frequently Asked Questions Of Types Of Fishing Lures


Which Lures Catch Which Fish?

Different lures are designed to attract specific fish species. Spinnerbaits work well for bass and pike, while crankbaits are effective for walleye and muskie. Jigs are favored by anglers targeting trout and panfish, and spoons are popular for salmon and trout.

Match your lure to the fish you’re after!

What Do Different Types Of Lures Do?

Different types of lures serve specific fishing purposes. Soft plastic lures mimic real bait, attracting various fish species. Jigging lures are ideal for vertical fishing, while spinnerbaits attract fish with spinning blades. Crankbaits imitate prey, and topwater lures are designed for surface fishing.


From the array of fishing lures available, it is crucial to choose the right one for a successful fishing expedition. Understanding the types of fishing lures, such as spinners, jigs, and soft plastics, allows anglers to make informed decisions. Whether you are targeting freshwater or saltwater species, having a variety of lures in your tackle box will increase your chances of hooking the perfect catch.

With the right lure in hand, your fishing adventures will be filled with excitement and satisfaction. So, explore the diverse world of fishing lures and get ready for memorable fishing experiences.

Happy fishing!

Leave a Comment